The State of California continues its push to implement Governor Newsom’s Executive Order N-79-20 calling for the transition to a zero-emission vehicle and equipment future to meet California’s goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2045.
The transportation sector, including passenger cars and trucks, heavy-duty trucks, off-road vehicles, and the fuel to power them, is responsible for half of California’s greenhouse gas emissions and 80 percent of smog-causing pollutants.
After Governor Newsom signed the Executive Order in September 2020, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) created the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Program.
Ag Council remains engaged in conversations with CARB leadership and staff, along with others in agriculture, to raise concerns relating to grid reliability, rising energy costs, lack of infrastructure, equipment availability, and the regulatory compliance timeline.
ZEV Market Development Strategy
As part of the program, the ZEV Market Development Strategy outlines how state agencies and stakeholders can work to reach the Executive Order’s goals. The goals include:
- 100 percent of in-state sales of new passenger cars and trucks must be zero-emission by 2035;
- 100 percent of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles in the state must be zero-emission by 2045, and by 2035 for drayage trucks; and
- 100 percent of off-road vehicles and equipment must be zero-emission by 2035
CARB has proposed one regulation for cars and light-trucks and two regulations concerning medium- and heavy-duty trucks. The recently proposed Advanced Clean Cars II Rule outlines the strategy for cars and light trucks. The regulations for medium- and heavy-duty trucks include the Advanced Clean Trucks and Advanced Clean Fleets regulations
Advanced Clean Cars II Rule (Cars and Light Trucks)
Advanced Clean Cars II (ACC II) would increase existing requirements to transition to ZEVs for almost all of California’s new car and light truck sales. The proposed regulation would also amend the Low-Emissions Vehicle Regulations to include more stringent standards for gasoline cars and heavier passenger trucks. ACC II is proposing incentive programs for consumers, such as rebates and funding for charging options and alternatives to car ownership, such as ridesharing.
Advanced Clean Trucks and Advanced Clean Fleets (Medium- & Heavy-Duty Trucks)
For medium- and heavy-duty trucks, CARB aims to achieve a zero-emission truck and bus fleet by 2045 everywhere feasible and significantly earlier for specific market segments. Adopted in June 2020, the Advanced Clean Trucks regulation requires manufacturers to sell an increasing percentage of zero-emission heavy-duty trucks by Model Year 2024.
The other proposed regulation for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, Advanced Clean Fleets, establishes a clear timeline for 100 percent zero-emission truck sales beginning in 2040. This proposed regulation will be reviewed by CARB later this summer.
Additionally, as part of the Governor’s zero-emission efforts, CARB is accelerating the deployment of zero-emission technology in forklifts within fleets by 2026 and continues to hold meetings to outline potential regulatory concepts for a zero-emission forklift rule. To read an Ag Council overview of the forklift rule, click HERE.
Ag Council remains an active participant in meetings and communications with CARB on ZEV program implementation as we seek to be part of the solution as California moves toward a lower-carbon future.
Click HERE to read additional information on CARB’s website.